What is Geology?

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September 16, 2015      In News & Articles No Comments

Geology is the study of the earth and the material it is composed of, including the material’s structure and how they undergo change. Geology also includes the study of organisms, which have inhabited the earth. A significant part of geology is studying the manner in which earth’s materials, processes, organisms and structures have undergone change over time Geologists seek an understanding of the earth’s history. This is important since learning earlier events helps determine how they may impact the future. The following are the ways in which geology helps understand things.

Earth Material

Earth material are very important to us. In fact, we cannot live without them. It is through geology that we can locate oil, metal, and other minerals. Water itself is referred to as life. Geology helps us to track water from the earth’s underground and streams. It helps us locate and identify what rocks contain minerals, make plans on the mines as well as how to extract them from the rocks.

Process of the Earth

Earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, floods, landslides and other processes pose huge dangers to humans. Through geology, people can understand them and know where they are most likely to happen in the future and avoid living or setting structures within such areas. It is through geology that humans can understand the past and the future with regard to earth processes and make safety and development decisions based on sound reasons.

History of the Earth

Climate change is a big concern for everyone today. Global warming, for instance, i=has become a big challenge. It is through the study of the earth’s history that we can understand the climate of the past, and the events that led to its changes overtime. This way we can understand what is expected of the future as well as what to do to create a better climate.

Geologists

Geologists work in various settings like government agencies, natural resource companies, universities, non-profit organizations, among others. Geology is becoming a very important field and the employment chances in geology are very good. This is because the study of the earth is becoming a determinant of how people’s life will be in the future. Most geologists do field work while others spent time in the laboratory, offices and classes. Most geologists hold masters and doctorate degrees even though only a bachelor’s degree is needed for entry to employment.

Conclusion

As a pure science, geology is interesting. We all know that rocks are money, meaning that civilization rests on rocks. We need to understand the ground ton which our structures sit. It is only through understanding geological hazards that we can be protected from them. We rely on food and fiber coming from the soil, an incredibly complex thin biogeochemical layer. We rely upon a good supply of the products of the earth.

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